2 edition of Some effects of ethylene on the metabolism of plants ... found in the catalog.
Some effects of ethylene on the metabolism of plants ...
Edward Maris Harvey
Written in English
|Statement||by Edward Maris Harvey.|
|Series||Contributions from the Hull Botanical Laboratory ;, 207.|
|LC Classifications||QK881 .H3|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 p.l., p. 193-214.|
|Number of Pages||214|
|LC Control Number||15023389|
The effect of coumarin, IAA, ethylene, kinetin and gibberellic acid on roots of maize and wheat was investigated. Sterile attached and detached roots and isolated elongation zones were used. It summarizes the physiology, biochemistry, production, regulation, plant effects, metabolism, and mechanism of action of ethylene. This book presents an introduction to basic chemistry of ethylene and available techniques for its sampling and : Frederick Abeles.
The action of ethylene on the capacity of plant tissues to metabolize cyanide to β-cyanoalanine was examined. Beta-cyanoalanine synthase (EC ) catalyzes the reaction between cyanide and cysteine to form β-cyanoalanine and hydrogen sulfide. Levels of β-cyanoalanine synthase activity in tissues of 6 day old etiolated pea (Pisum sativum) seedlings were enhanced severalfold by 1. Many factors can cause and affect cell growth in the plant such as external (environmental) and internal factors; one of the most important internal factors is plant growth hormones. Many hormones required for cell growth, such as auxins, gibberellins, brassinosteroids, ethylene, jasmonates, salicylic acid, strigolactones and cytokinins which able to accelerate or promote growth, but, some.
Abstract. The effect of ethylene on the uptake, distribution, and metabolism of indoleacetic acid (IAA) C, IAA C, and naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) C in cotton stem sections (Gossypium hirsutum L., var. Stoneville ) was sections excised from plants pretreated with ethylene for 15 hours transported significantly less 14 C-IAA and 14 C-NAA than control sections. Ethylene is a gaseous hydrocarbon with the molecular structure C2H4. It is commonly produced when hydrocarbons are exposed to oxidative stress, such as that found during lightning, volcanic eruptions, forest fires, and photochemical reactions on the ocean surface. Plants coopted ethylene biosynthesis during evolution to manage their response to oxidative stress from biotic and .
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Some effects of ethylene on the metabolism of plants Paperback – January 1, by Edward Maris Harvey (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editionsAuthor: Edward Maris Harvey. Ethylene was found to be very effective in producing changes in the general processes of plant metabolism.
Chemical analyses showed that ethylene caused the simple soluble substances to increase at the expense of the higher soluble and insoluble by: An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker.
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The discovery of the plant hormone ethylene was stunning—ethylene is a simple gas. Our expanding knowledge of the multiplicity of ethylene’s roles in plant development, physiology, and metabolism makes the study of this plant hormone increasingly compelling.
Elucidation of the genetic regulation of ethylene biosynthesis, characterization of ethylene receptors and analysis of the. It summarizes the physiology, biochemistry, production, regulation, plant effects, metabolism, and mechanism of action of ethylene.
This book presents an introduction to basic chemistry of ethylene and available techniques for its sampling and analysis. Then, it discusses the rate, environmental conditions, and reactions involved in ethylene. In higher plants, some factor(s) essential for the maintenance of ethylene metabolism must be provided by the root-shoot axis because the metabolism is reduced if the root-shoot axis and the cotyledons are separated prior to incubation in by: Abstract.
In recent years the biochemistry of ethylene has been extended to include its metabolism (2,3,9,10,11,12,16,24). This metabolism results in the oxidation of ethylene to such products as CO 2, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol and its glucose conjugate plus other as yet unidentified rate of ethylene metabolism and the type and distribution of products produced depend on.
A summary of the pathways of ethylene metabolism in Mycobacterium is illustrated in Fig. III. Ethylene Metabolism in Higher Plants A. History In the late s and during the s a number of reports appeared indicating that both fruit and vegetable tissue could metabolize radioactively labeled ethylene at low but significant rates.
Buhler. Some fruit are quite resistant to Ethylene having almost no effect on them. Eg: cherries and Blue berries. Ethylene naturally causes a fruit to change in texture, softening, colour (eg a Tomato goes from green to red), loss of chlorophyll (eg autumn leaves) and stem shortening (dwarfing of Poinsettia pot plants).
In plants, starch is synthesized in leaves during the day-time from fixed carbon through photosynthesis and is mobilized at night to support continued respiration, sucrose export, and growth in the dark.
The main crops where starch is biosynthesized and stored are corn, rice, wheat, and potatoes, and they are mainly used as food resources for humankind. There are many genes that are involved.
Ethylene in Plant Biology, Second Edition provides a definitive survey of what is currently known about this structurally simplest of all plant growth regulators. This volume contains all new material plus a bibliographic guide to the complete literature of this field.
It summarizes the physiology, biochemistry, production, regulation, plant effects, metabolism, and mechanism of action of ethylene.
This book presents an introduction to basic chemistry of ethylene and available techniques for its sampling and analysis. 2 Metabolism of 1-AminocyclopropaneCarboxylic Acid 3 Studies on the Enzymes of Ethylene Biosynthesis 4 The Oxygen Affinity of 1-AminocyclopropaneCarboxylic Acid Oxidation in Slices of Banana Fruit Tissue 5 Carbon Dioxide Flux and Ethylene Production in Leaves 6 The Effect of Temperature on Ethylene Production by Plant Tissues.
The availability of nutrients, shortage or excess, influences plant metabolism and ethylene plays an important role in plant adaptation under suboptimal conditions. Among the plant nutrients, the nitrogen (N) is one the most important mineral element required for plant.
This authoritative book discusses the chemistry, physiology, biochemistry and biology of ethylene. It describes the role of this simple hydrocarbon gas in such processes as growth, development, dormancy, epinasty, root initiation, tumour induction, exudation, flowering, gravitational responses, senescense, ripening, abscission and air pollution.
Ethylene is an essential hormone in plants that is involved in low-oxygen and reoxygenation responses. As a key transcription factor in ethylene signaling, ETHYLENE INSENSITIVE3 (EIN3) activates targets that trigger various responses.
However, most of these targets are still poorly characterized. Through analyses of our microarray data and the published Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana.
Ethylene has a profound effect on the shape of plants. It determinesmany aspects of vegetative development by interacting with other hormones. Foremost, ethylene relies on a tight collaboration with auxin to influence plant growth and can stimulate or inhibit elongation of roots and shoots.
The various commercial uses of ethylene are as follows: 1. Fruit Ripening: Kerosene lamps and hay were previously used for stimulating colour development and ripening of some fleshy fruits, e.g., Banana, Mango, Apple, and Tomato.
The effect is due to ethylene. Ethylene lamps are now specifically used for this purpose. Feminising Effect.
Ethylene-induced Pea Internode Swelling: Its Relation to Ribonucleic Acid Metabolism, Wall Protein Synthesis, and Cell Wall Structure. Plant Physiol. Oct; 50 (4)– [PMC free article] Goeschl JD, Pratt HK, Bonner BA. An effect of light on the production of ethylene and the growth of the plumular portion of etiolated pea seedlings.
Ethylene, a hydrocarbon gas, C2H4, is a plant hormone (Abeles, et al., ) that regulates many metabolic and developmental processes in is colourless with a feint "sweetish" smell.
Ethylene metabolism in higher plants is regulated by a wide array of endogenous and environmental factors. During most physiological processes, ethylene levels are mainly determined by a strict control of the rate-limiting biosynthetic steps responsible for the production of 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid (ACC) and its subsequent conversion to ethylene.Gora L., Clijsters H.
() Effect of Copper and Zinc on the Ethylene Metabolism in Phaseolus Vulgaris L. In: Clijsters H., De Proft M., Marcelle R., Van Poucke M.
(eds) Biochemical and Physiological Aspects of Ethylene Production in Lower and Higher Plants. .Authors: X.-J. Min, D.P. Bartholomew: Keywords: Ananas comosus, 1-aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid, ACC oxidase, ethephon, flooding, relative water content, drought.: DOI: /ActaHortic Abstract: Pineapple can be induced to flower with ethylene but no data was found on the effects of stress due to flooding or drought (which increase ethylene production in some plants.